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By clicking "Sign Up" or "Sign In with Facebook" I acknowledge and, 3 Ways to Get Wet and Wild in Myrtle Beach, 14 Landmarks That Should Be Considered World Wonders, These Are the Most Peaceful Countries on the Planet, Deserts in Bloom: 6 Spots for Springtime Wildflower Watching, Yoho National Park Is the Most Incredible Place You've Never Heard Of. Ponce de Leon's Fountain of Youth Archaeological Park in St. Augustine is a good place to learn this part of Florida history. IMMIGRATION. Several competing conquistadors set up forts and towns, some of which remain largely intact today, such as St Augustine. Florida has 67 counties. Florida Times-Union and Citizen on December 5, 1899. Admission is $10 for adults, $9 for seniors, $5 for children and students, children under 6 are free. The allure of Disney, Universal, and the other theme parks in Orlando can’t be dismissed because they contribute a true mark of fantasy to Florida’s culture. Florida's economic bubble burst in 1926, when money and credit ran out, and banks and investors abruptly stopped trusting the "paper" millionaires. 1819 - The United States gains control of Florida through the Adams-Onis Treaty. In 1528 Pánfilo de Narváez landed on the shores of Tampa Bay with more than 400 men, intent on learning how this land was connected to Mexico. Florida's written history begins with the arrival of Europeans; the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León in 1513 made the first textual records. He was mortally wounded near there in 1521 by the indigenous Calusa and died later the same year in Havana, Cuba. Hernando de Soto in Florida, 16th-century engraving by Theodor de Bry. If you don't have an account yet, make one here. Battle of the Somme. Florida history will be placed in the wider context of American and Atlantic World history. The state received its name from that conquistador, who called the peninsula La Pascua Florida in recognition of the verdant landscape and because it was the Easter season, which the Spaniar… 1763 - The British gain control of Florida as a result of the Seven Years' War. There were roughly 5,000 Seminole in Florida when Gen. Andrew Jackson captured Pensacola in 1818. Today, well over 10 percent of Florida’s population is Hispanic, giving the state a great mix of cultural identity. The Spanish subsequently ceded Florida to the United States in a treaty that was ratified in 1821, and in 1832 the Seminole were made to accept a treaty that called for their removal to Oklahoma. But in Miami, another essential cultural element is at work. The state was settled by Spaniards looking for gold in the 16th century, but had already had a long Native American heritage stretching back millennia before this point. WWI. by Frank D. Howard, Ph.D. and his family. More than 100 Native American tribes, such as the Seminoles and Apalachee, lived around Florida when the first Spaniards arrived on its shores in 1513. Today, well over 10 percent of Florida’s population is Hispanic, giving the state a great mix of cultural identity. The Spaniards saw this group as a threat to their sea-lane from Havana to Spain. History. US President Andrew Jackson invaded Spanish Florida but this only sparked the First Seminole War in 1817, which would pit settler against Indian for the next 50 years. Simply spend a week in Miami and practice your Spanish because it’s just as prevalent as English. Ancient Native American peoples entered Florida from the north as early as 12,000 years ago. It was the First Seminole War (1817–18), however, that marked the beginning of armed conflict between Native Americans in Florida and the U.S. government. 1835 - The Second Seminole War begins. Enjoy what's here and please check back later when illustrations have been included for each of these articles. to the present. Of this group, four Spaniards—including Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and Estebán, a Moorish slave who was the first black man known to have entered Florida—reached Culiacán, Mexico, in 1536. When Seminole leader Osceola and a group of his followers refused to give up their land, a series of violent conflicts erupted that came to be known by the white community as the Second Seminole War (1835–42). Florida Articles Resorts - The Pampered Vacation Resorts do indeed present the opportunity for a pampered vacation, and though resorts certainly cost more than conventional lodging, those who are willing to spend a little extra will no doubt experience an unforgettable holiday. Indigenous peoples continued to arrive from the north in small numbers after 500 bce, establishing contacts with Cuba, the Bahamas, and, possibly, the Yucatán region of Mexico. First Battle of Marne. World War II and Post-War Boom World War II spurred economic development in Florida. Florida History, State Library and Archives of Florida/Public Domain. For the 250 years following the establishment of St. Augustine, Florida was little more than a wilderness in terms of any permanent European settlement. Florida Frontiers: The Weekly Newspaper Articles of the Florida Historical Society is a weekly newspaper article covering history-based events, exhibitions, activities, places and people in Florida. There were roughly 5,000 Seminole in Florida when Gen. Andrew Jackson captured Pensacola in 1818. Under the impression that Florida was one of the islands in the Bahamas archipelago, he initially made no attempt to found a settlement and did not appear to have ventured much north of present-day West Palm Beach. Because he landed on the peninsula during the Easter season (Spanish: Pascua Florida [“Season of Flowers”]) and because of the vegetation he found there, Ponce de León named the area Florida. Stock Market Crash of 1929. Journal of Florida Studies is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the study and appreciation of Florida. Nearly 20 years elapsed before Tristán de Luna y Arellano attempted to set up a Spanish colony at Pensacola Bay. A good resource about Florida government and history can be seen here. A primer on the history of Florida from 10,000 B.C. Dust Bowl. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Settlement patterns and demographic trends. Florida’s first theme parks arrived in the 1930s with Cyprus Gardens, but it wasn’t until 1971, when Walt Disney chose central Florida for his dream, that this state was truly revitalized. We don’t see traveling circuses, carnivals, and “freak shows” around much these days, but there was a time when they were the most popular form of entertainment in the United States. The settlement was abandoned in 1561, following its destruction by a hurricane. Hernando de Soto came in 1539, landing somewhere between Fort Myers and Tampa, and led another disastrous expedition, this time through western Florida. It features research/scholarly articles, poetry, fiction, photography, and other digital arts. In 1903 the paper reverted back to The Florida Times-Union. Women first organized and collectively fought for … A brief history and bibliography of Florida from the Stone Age to the Space Age. Three decades of political and social instability followed Florida’s return to Spain after the war, with U.S. expansionist interests in constant conflict with the Spanish presence. Florida was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. The Hispanic element provides much of the excitement in Florida, in sharp contrast to the state’s geriatric constituency. Prehistoric Native People. Christmas Truce of 1914. Around the same time, the 1960’s Space Race centered itself at Cape Canaveral, adding a different economic boost and prestige. Growth of Florida's Railroads; Spanish-American War for Cuba's Independence; Florida's Land Boom; Great Depression and the New Deal; Florida During World War II; Cape Canaveral: Launchpad to the Stars; Civil Rights Movement in Florida; Supplemental Florida Reading Passages. In September 1897 The Florida Times-Union and the Florida Citizen consolidated to form The Florida Times-Union and Citizen. Athanor features student papers from the annual Art History Graduate Symposium hosted by the Department of Art History at Florida State University. Troops stationed at Tampa Bay, Florida, during the Second Seminole War. 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